Are Psychedelics Legal in Minnesota?

Phil Dubley Last Updated: April 25, 2022 Print

All psychedelics are controlled substances in Minnesota. This means that, unlike in other parts of the country, using them is completely prohibited.

Below, we will discuss various psychedelics’ legality and provide you with valuable information relevant to the topic.

Summary of Psychedelic Drug Laws in Minnesota

  • Psychedelics are illegal in Minnesota, and they’ll most likely continue to be in the coming years.
  • Marijuana is legal for medical use only. Recreational marijuana has been decriminalized but remains illegal.
  • Ketamine is a Schedule III substance, meaning it can be used in controlled settings.
  • There isn’t any pending legislation surrounding psychedelic substances in Minnesota.

Are Magic Mushrooms Legal in Minnesota?

Psilocybin is illegal in Minnesota. According to Sec. 152.024 MN Statutes, possession of magic mushrooms is a controlled substance crime in the fourth degree. 

Those who fail to comply with this law face imprisonment for not more than 15 years or a fine of not more than $100,000.

Like most states, Minnesota criminalizes magic mushrooms and other psychedelic substances. However, we believe this may soon change, as authority institutions like John Hopkins Medicine advocate for its reclassification. 

The exception to this rule is magic mushroom spores, which are legal to buy and sell online, but illegal to germinate. 

Magic Mushroom Decriminalization Status in the United States

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Legalization Status

Where to Buy Magic Mushroom Spores in Minnesota

In Minnesota, you can find several specialty stores selling magic mushroom spores and grow kits. 

The best source of magic mushroom spores in the US is from Sporeslab, Spores 101, or the /r/sporetraders subreddit. 

Almost everywhere in the country, including Minnesota, you can freely buy and sell spores. The only US states that prohibit the sale of magic mushroom spores are California, Georgia, and Idaho. 

Unfortunately, using these spores to grow magic mushrooms is still illegal. They’re allowed for the purposes of studying microscopy only. 

Related: How are magic mushrooms grown?

Do Magic Mushrooms Grow Wild in Minnesota?

Yes, species of magic mushrooms grow worldwide, except for Antarctica, where frigid climates don’t allow them to thrive, and Minnesota is no exception. 

Here, you can find magic mushrooms on the southern slopes in the spring and under or around decaying elms, ash, poplar, and apple trees year-round. 

The most common species of magic mushrooms in Minnesota are P. Semilanceata and P. Cyanescens.

What Are the Medicinal Uses of Shrooms

The main reason magic mushroom laws are being revisited today is because of the many medical benefits associated with magic mushrooms, as well as related psychedelics like LSD, 4-AcO-DMT, and 5-MeO-DMT. 

Let’s explore some of the evidence-based health benefits associated with magic mushrooms. 

1. Shrooms for Depression

Studies show that psychedelic mushrooms can be highly effective in combating depression.

The active ingredient, psilocybin, has been shown to alter the neurochemical balance of dopamine and serotonin, alter limiting views or opinions, and allow the user to confront and identify unconscious patterns catalyzed by past traumatic experiences.  

2. Shrooms for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Psilocybin has been shown to help those who have PTSD. This is due to the mushrooms’ ability to unearth memories from the unconscious and look at them from another point of view.

This is one of the most common uses of psilocybin-assisted therapy, a modality of psychoanalysis based on altered states of consciousness with magic mushrooms.

People with PTSD report radical improvements after the first few sessions. The best part is that these changes are sustained over time, even after months without psychedelic-assisted therapy.

3. Shrooms for Existential Anxiety (End of Life Care)

Another common use of psilocybin in psychology is in terminally ill patients. An illness with a reserved prognosis usually generates a great deal of existential anxiety.

In these patients, psilocybin can generate considerable psychological relief over time. This has been noted with as little as one session of psilocybin therapy.

4. Shrooms for Cluster Headaches

Psilocybin can not only help you with psychological problems, but it transcends into the physical world as well. For example, studies show that psilocybin can be highly useful in combating cluster headaches.

This same effect was noted for LSD and other tryptamine psychedelics. 

5. Shrooms for Addiction 

Finally, mushrooms are also used for treating drug addiction. They work by breaking the cycle of addiction, desensitizing receptor sites, and uncovering past traumas that may be the underlying cause of the addiction itself. 

Magic mushrooms activate the H5T2A receptors, allowing us to deactivate the DMN (default mode network) temporarily.

The DMN is responsible for maintaining a meaningful train of thought and making us think more efficiently. Unfortunately, this network is also responsible for unhealthy thinking and behavior patterns, such as addiction.

Is LSD Legal in Minnesota?

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is illegal in Minnesota under Sec. 152.024 MN Statutes. This compound gets a lot less love than psilocybin due to its rough history with MK Ultra and the 60s counterculture. Additionally, companies aren’t interested in studying LSD because it’s no longer patentable. 

As a result, LSD is not likely to become legal anytime soon. 

Possessing LSD in Minnesota can put you in prison for up to 15 years and carry fines of up to $100,000.

Is DMT Legal in Minnesota?

DMT (dimethyltryptamine) is also illegal in Minnesota, and we’re not just talking about N,N DMT. 

This includes all isomers, such as bufo toad venom (5-MEO-DMT), changa, and ayahuasca — a powerful psychoactive plant mixture from the Amazon containing DMT and other psychoactive ingredients.

Possessing DMT can land you in jail and result in hefty fines.

The only exception here are the religious institutions Santo Daime and Uniao do Vegetal — both of which have been granted access to use ayahuasca for ceremonial use. 

Is MDMA Legal in Minnesota?

MDMA, also known as ecstasy, is illegal in Minnesota — but this is likely to change in the coming months.

MDMA is a controlled Schedule I substance, so the penalties are similar to the rest of the drugs on this list. For possession, you can face charges of up to 15 years in prison, and you can also be fined.

It should be noted that MDMA is on the brink of being legalized for medical use. It’s used as a tool for psychotherapy by breaking down barriers between the therapist and patient and helping users get in touch with their emotions and unconscious thought patterns. 

This is known as MDMA-assisted therapy. We’re likely to see MDMA-assisted therapy clinics popping up around Hibbing, Duluth, Minneapolis, Rochester, and St. Paul in the coming year. 

It should be noted that recreational use of MDMA will likely remain highly illegal for the foreseeable future. The new laws would only affect the use of MDMA by registered psychotherapists for use in a controlled setting. 

Is Ketamine Legal in Minnesota?

Ketamine is a Schedule III substance in Minnesota, making it illegal for recreational use but legal for medical applications.

Ketamine clinics can be found in most major cities. The drug is administered intravenously for sessions lasting around 45 minutes to an hour. This dissociative psychedelic is used for treating PTSD and depression. 

Using ketamine recreationally is a crime and can land you in jail for several years.

Is Marijuana Legal in Minnesota?

Marijuana is illegal in Minnesota, but possession of 42.5 grams or less is decriminalized. On the other hand, medicinal use has been legal since 2014. Possessing more marijuana than allowed under Minnesota’s decriminalization can land you in prison for up to five years. 

Medical marijuana is legal in Minnesota. You must meet the requirements and obtain a prescription from a certified physician to apply. 

Delta 8 THC and delta 10 THC isomers are also legal following the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp derivatives containing less than 0.3% THC (specifically the delta 9 isomer).

Don’t confuse these with delta 9 THC, the most well-known and widely used illegal psychoactive compound in marijuana. This compound is considered illegal federally but permitted in Minnesota and other states through the state-run medical marijuana program. 

What’s The Difference Between Legalization & Decriminalization?

There are a few key differences between legalization and decriminalization

The legalization of a drug implies the elimination of all penalties related to possession and the regulation of purchase and sale. The best example of this is marijuana, which was legalized for medical use, but remains heavily restricted (medical approval needed, quantity limits, manufacturer licensing, age restrictions, etc.). 

On the other hand, decriminalization reduces penalties considerably but does not provide a legal framework for commercialization. Minnesota recently decriminalized possession of marijuana without a medical card. This means offenders can still be charged, but the fines and penalties no longer involve jail time.

Key Takeaways: What’s The Future of Psychedelics in Minnesota?

Psychedelics are illegal in Minnesota, and authorities have not attempted to reverse this at any opportunity. Marijuana laws are somewhat relaxed, but they are also behind the times in that regard. Marijuana is legalized for medical use but remains illegal (but decriminalized) for recreational applications. 

Everything leads us to believe that the big changes in Minnesota will occur when psychedelics are discussed at the federal level. State regulators don’t appear to be motivated to change the regulations surrounding psychedelics at the state level.